Policies and Legislations for Child Rights in India?

The major policies and legislations formulated in the country to ensure child rights and improvement in their status include:

  • National Policy for Children, 1974
  • National Plan of Action for Children, 2005

National Policy for Children, 1974

Underlying the National Charter for Children 2004, is the intent to secure for every child the right to a healthy and happy childhood, to address the root causes that negate the healthy growth and development of children, and to awaken the conscience of the community in the wider social context to protect children from all forms of abuse, while strengthening the family, society and the nation. This Charter has the following sections on child protection:

  • Survival, life and liberty;
  • Protection from economic exploitation and all forms of abuse;
  • Protection of the girl child;
  • Care, protection, welfare of children of marginalised and disadvantaged communities;
  • Ensuring child-friendly procedures.

National Plan of Action for Children, 2005

The National Plan of Action for Children was formulated by the then Department of Women and Child Development in 2005. The Plan is being monitored by the team of Prime Minister’s Office. The Action Plan aims at ensuring all rights to children up to the age of 18 years. It affirms the government’s commitment towards ensuring all measures for the survival, growth, development and protection of all children. It also aims at creating an enabling environment to ensure protection of child rights. States are being encouraged to formulate State Plans of Action for Children in line with NPAC. The National Plan has identified several key priority areas that include children’s right to survival, development, protection and participation besides monitoring and review of policies and programs. The NPAC also stresses the need for budgetary allocations to achieve child protection goals.

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